Cannabis is a natural source of phytocannabinoids
Cannabis is a natural source of phytocannabinoids, a group of compounds found mainly in its female inflorescences.
These compounds were first isolated from cannabis, and eventually led to the discovery of the human (and other mammalian) endocannabinoid system. They are chemically related to endocannabinoids, which are produced by the human body and appear to be receptors for these substances throughout the body, resulting in action on the central and peripheral nervous system and peripheral organs. These receptors are of two types and are called CB1 and CB2. The former are found throughout the body, but mainly in the brain and are related to the coordination of movements, pain, emotions and mood, thinking, appetite, memories, etc. while the latter are mainly related to the immune system.
The discovery of the endocannabinoid system opened a new way in research to treat various diseases. Studies have shown that these receptors are involved in the development of many important diseases and their regulation can be important in the treatment of them. Such are various psychiatric disorders, cancer, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, cardiovascular and gastroesophageal disorders, Parkinson's and Huntington's disease, etc.
Of the cannabinoids, cannabidiol, or CBD, is of great interest. It is a bioactive but non-psychoactive substance, which is found in large concentrations in cannabis flowers.
The interest of the scientific community is great and research on this substance is constantly producing new knowledge. It acts on both types of receptors in the endocannabinoid system - or more simply, both centrally and regionally.